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智慧城市将撬动万亿市场,地理空间智能带来了什么?

科技工作者之家 05月08日

「编者按」:

提高城市治理水平、优化城市运营效率、提升公众满意度,是城市管理方面临的新挑战。高精度定位技术与5G、AI等新技术融合,目前已应用到智慧城市领域。那么地理空间技术如何助力智慧城市建设,保障城市安全?

本文翻译自全球地理空间领域权威媒体GeospatialWorld, A Tale of Smart Cities: How Geospatial Solutions Contribute to Urban Security一文。如需了解更多信息,请点击文末“阅读原文”。

新冠疫情带来的一个意想不到的结果是产生了一大批为了应对疫情的技术创新。

全球各地城市都在对智慧城市控制中心进行升级和改造,以监控公共卫生风险和由Covid-19导致的其他风险因素。这项在持续发展的技术的核心是地理空间数据收集,因为实时位置数据收集使位置追踪成为现实,并且可应用于一个很大的区域。

除公共卫生问题外,地理空间数据还可用于提高安全性和保护数字隐私。在本文中,我们将重点探讨地理空间技术如何解决智慧城市建设中的安全问题。

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01

是什么让智慧城市变得智能?

在几年前,“智慧城市”的概念还仅存在于科幻小说领域,但是现在,智慧城市的概念和组成智慧城市的关键要素在全球范围内都变得越来越普遍。

智慧城市采用由系统、设备、平台和用户组成的一个复杂且相互依存的系统来解决各类城市问题(包括交通拥挤、犯罪率高,以及空气质量差等问题)。智慧城市基于创新技术,利用相关的技术解决方案来调整和优化这些城市因素。

智慧城市还可以解决公共卫生、远程医疗、监控和公共安全问题。现在,数字技术已成为人们日常生活中必不可少的一部分,因此消费者已成为数字公民。随着接入互联网的人越来越多,智能技术解决方案通过收集并分析大数据,可以更有效地解决城市问题,确保智慧城市的有序运行。

智慧城市浏览器和数据中心共享的信息越多,人工智能系统就可以更准确地解读这些数据,分析可追溯的趋势并实时调整解决问题的方式。但是,所有这些新增的公众对个人信息的访问权限,都对安全构成了潜在威胁。

02

公共安全威胁

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大多数智慧城市技术严重依赖于个人信息的收集——人们曾经去过的地方,所购买的商品,甚至他们的体温或感受如何;所有这些信息都为智能技术创新提供了动力。但是,随着越来越多的私人信息通过智能设备传送,网络安全漏洞的风险也越来越大。

例如,当消费者登录购物中心或机场免费的Wifi门户时,他们通常必须提供电子邮件地址、电话号码和其他个人信息。这些个人信息被分享的次数越多,黑客就有更多的机会访问到这些数据。一旦他们获取到了私人电子邮件地址以及共享该电子邮件地址的上下文,用户可能很快就会发现自己被钓鱼攻击,或者个人的详细信息在暗网上被出售给不法分子。

监控是智慧城市运行的关键措施。但是讽刺的是,旨在保护消费者隐私的安全系统通常是通过收集有关消费者的数据,并在紧急情况下存储此信息来实现的。

幸运的是,地理空间解决方案可以帮助缓解因在公共环境中共享个人信息而增加的安全问题。让我们看一下这种数据收集方法是如何保护数字公民的。

03

地理空间数据

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任何城市都存在威胁,但是,扒手和小偷的行为通常遵循可预测的模式,可以通过智能技术系统对其进行评估、分析和解决。从而,这些系统可以更好地解析地理空间数据,并在恰当的时间在犯罪高发区域加强安保工作。

地理空间技术还可以支持智慧城市管理部门制定人员策略,以提高火车站出入口的安全性,并对商场、码头和学校的出入口进行精准的3D监控。

这项技术还可以简化数据,从而帮助执法部门更有效地进行紧急处置,比如尽快确定报警人的具体位置。

除了保护大众免受物理伤害之外,地理空间数据还可以帮助控制数字系统访问权限。

地理空间数据的一个应用是创建虚拟安全防护网,该安全防护网用来确定允许公司员工访问公司数据库的特定物理边界。如果他们试图从列入“黑名单”的区域之一登录公司网络,则会被阻止,并会向公司通报该事件,从而根据地理空间定位额外增加了一层数据安全屏障。

地理空间数据的另一个应用是跟踪同步到一个网络(包括公共区域WiFi)的所有设备的位置。创建分层的数据交互图可以使安全跟踪程序同时监控物理漏洞和专用网络的攻击。

04

错综复杂的网络

智慧城市网络需要足够复杂的安全系统,以匹配智慧城市本身动态互联的特性。通过将物理措施和基于地理空间数据的数字安全措施融合,智慧城市将会变得越来越安全可靠。

随着虚拟数字世界和物理世界的交织越来越紧密,地理空间技术将成为智慧城市规划中至关重要的一部分。在不久的将来,越来越多的智慧城市将依赖于一个完善的安全基础架构,从而打下坚实的公共安全基础。

另附原文,供大家参考:

A Tale of Smart Cities: How Geospatial Solutions Contribute to Urban Security

By Bernard Brode

One unexpected outcome of the current Coronavirus pandemic is the bevy of sophisticated technological innovations being developed as a response to the pandemic. 

In cities around the world, Smart City control centers are being updated and transformed to monitor public health risks and other factors determined by the Covid-19 situation. Key to this evolving technology is geospatial data collection, as live location data collection makes contract tracing possible and effective on an amplified scale. 

Beyond public health concerns, geospatial data can be used to increase security and protect digital privacy. In this article, we will take a look at how geospatial technology can shore up urban security in smart cities- and the idea is so important. 

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01

What Makes a Smart City…Smart?

Although they may have seemed to exist in the science fiction realm only a few years ago, smart cities and the elements that comprise them are becoming more common throughout the world.

A smart city employs a complex, interdependent network of systems, devices, platforms, and users to address urban challenges. These issues can range from heavy traffic congestion to high crime rates to poor air quality. Using innovative technology, smart cities utilize tech solutions to adjust and address these particular urban factors. 

Smart cities also address issues of public health, telemedicine, surveillance, and public safety.  With digital technology now an essential part of every normal daily interaction, consumers have become digital citizens. And with more people “plugged in” than ever before, smart tech solutions allow for a more effective targeting of urban issues for the benefit of the vast public of individuals from whom data is generated, stored, and analyzed by the interconnected systems that make a smart city run

The more information that is shared by smart city browsers and hubs, the more precisely AI systems can interpret and synthesize that data, creating traceable trends and real time adjustments to address issues as the data presents itself. However, all of this increased public access to personal information presents a complicated and deeply embedded potential threat to security. 

02

Public Security Threats

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Most smart city tech relies heavily on the collection of personal information – where someone has been, what they have purchased, or even what their temperature is or how they feel; all of these pieces of information are fuel for smart tech innovations to run properly. But with more private information being sent through smart tech processors, there is an increased risk of cybersecurity breaches. 

When a consumer at the shopping mall or the airport logs in to a free Wifi portal, for example, they often have to provide their email address, phone number, and other personal information. Any hacker attempting to collect these details has a greater chance of accessing this type of personal data the more it is publicly shared. Once they have your private email address, and the context in which it was shared, you may soon find yourself on the receiving end of a phishing attack or, worse, have your details show up for sale on the Dark Web to shady operatives. 

Monitoring is an intrinsic aspect of how a smart city runs. Ironically, security systems intended to protect consumers’ privacy often do so by gathering data about the very consumers whose data they are charged to protect, storing this information for emergency response situations. 

Luckily, geospatial solutions can help mitigate the increased vulnerability that comes from sharing private information in a public context. Let’s take a look at how this data gathering method can help protect digital citizens. 

03

Geospatial Data

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 In any normal urban situation, threats abound. But the behavior of pickpockets and thieves who target unsuspecting victims often follows predictable patterns that can be assessed, analyzed, and addressed by a smart tech system. Using geospatial data, these systems are able to interpret algorithms and provide heightened on-the-ground security in common crime areas at appropriate times. 

Geospatial tech likewise allows smart city administrators to deploy personnel strategies to improve security at railway station entry and exit points, and take exact 3D capture surveillance of entry and exit points at markets, jetties, and schools.

All this is based on geospatial technology solutions. 

This particular technology also simplifies data in a manner that helps law enforcement respond more efficiently, such as pinpointing the precise location of an emergency call. 

But beyond protecting citizens from physical dangers, geospatial data provides advanced techniques for controlling access to digital systems. 

One example is the creation of a virtual security fence, which determines that employees of a company are granted access to company databases from within a specific physical boundary. If they attempt to login to the company network from one of the “blacklisted” areas, they are blocked and the company will be notified of the attempted breach, thus adding an extra layer of digital security based on geographical location. 

Another application of geospatial intelligence involves tracking the location of all the devices synced to one network, including public city WiFi. Creating a layered map of digital interaction allows security tracers to watch simultaneously for physical breaches and covert private network penetration. 

04

A Tangled Web

Smart city networks need security systems complex enough to match the dynamic, interconnected nature of the smart city itself. By utilizing a mixture of physical and digital security measures, all drawing from the same geospatial data web, modern urban areas stand to benefit from a robust combined approach to security. 

As the virtual, digital, and physical worlds become increasingly entwined, expect geospatial technologies to become an even more vital aspect of smart city planning. With these data collection processes already in place, ever more intelligent cities of the near future will be able to rely on a strong and established security infrastructure that lend itself well to a solid public safety foundation. 

来源:慧天地

原文链接:http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzIwNDE1NjM2NA==&mid=2652165008&idx=3&sn=f4f315abc09ef9acf39d883cf685f21b

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